G20 Summit's Impact on India's Global Diplomacy: Five Key Factors

From its inception, the two-day G20 summit held significant importance for India within the sphere of global diplomacy. Anticipation surrounded the summit's potential to shape India's trajectory on the global stage. As the event has exceeded initial expectations, let's delve into five factors poised to bolster India's standing in the international arena.

Written by  Prerit Chauhan   |  September 11th 2023 12:52 PM  |  Updated: September 11th 2023 12:52 PM

G20 Summit's Impact on India's Global Diplomacy: Five Key Factors

From its inception, the two-day G20 summit held significant importance for India within the sphere of global diplomacy. Anticipation surrounded the summit's potential to shape India's trajectory on the global stage. As the event has exceeded initial expectations, let's delve into five factors poised to bolster India's standing in the international arena.

Acknowledgment of the Global South

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has continuously advocated for the interests of the Global South, encompassing developing and underdeveloped nations, over the course of several years. At times, this advocacy was viewed as overly ambitious, and there were suggestions that the emergence of the Global South would be a gradual process. However, the G20 summit in India conclusively demonstrated that the moment for the Global South has arrived. Throughout the summit, the term "Global South" received repeated recognition, even from parties initially skeptical of its significance. This marked a significant achievement of the G20 summit, naturally positioning India as a leader among Global South nations.

Mediator Role

Following the Russia-Ukraine conflict, India adopted a neutral mediator role instead of aligning with either side. This stance drew scrutiny and raised concerns on multiple occasions. Nevertheless, the G20 summit offered an international stage where India not only upheld its impartiality but also garnered recognition. Post-summit, both conflicting parties acknowledged India's involvement. This positions India well to potentially establish itself as a natural mediator in international disputes.

Augmented Negotiating Influence

India's proficiency in negotiations and bargaining is anticipated to expand following the G20 summit. India's membership in G20, BRICS, the Quad, and various other international forums places it at the heart of numerous global initiatives and alliances, some of which possess divergent interests. India's active engagement across these platforms has the potential to bolster its bargaining prowess, particularly in substantial global agreements. As an illustrative example, India's adept negotiation skills were evident when it procured cost-effective oil from Russia during the Russia-Ukraine conflict.

An Alternative to China and Saudi Arabia

At this summit, India pursued a dual-purpose agenda. In recent times, China has sought to expand its global influence via extensive infrastructure endeavors, whereas Saudi Arabia has maintained a stronghold on the oil market. India responded by presenting its ambitious India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor plan as a countermeasure to China's Belt and Road Initiative. Additionally, India unveiled the Biofuel Alliance to challenge the dominance of OPEC countries in the oil sector. These two initiatives are poised to exert considerable global influence, with India positioned to play a pivotal role in both.

India's Moment of Ascendancy

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has persistently emphasized that India's moment has arrived over the past several years. Under his leadership, India has not only asserted this declaration but has also emerged as a fervent proponent of the concerns of developing nations. This zenith was palpable during the G20 summit. Nations like South Africa, Brazil, and Indonesia, serving as representatives of diverse developing countries, not only fortified their positions but also conveyed a resolute message that agendas will no longer be unilaterally dictated. India, with a spirit of humility, underscored its commitment to avoid imposing unilateral decisions on developed countries.

- PTC PUNJABI


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