The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) fifth edition confirmed signs of a demographic shift in India. For the first time since the NFHS began in 1992, women outnumbered men: there were 1,020 women for every 1,000 men in the most recent surveywhereas in the survey conducted in 2015-16, there were 991 women for every 1,000 men.
When Nobel laureate Amartya Sen coined the term "missing women" in 1990, India had 927 women for every 1,000 men. This suggests that the figures are improving.
The ratio was equal in NFHS-3, which was conducted in 2005-06; however, in NFHS-4, which was conducted in 2015-16, the ratio was reduced to 991:1000. According to reports, this is the first time the gender ratio has been skewed in favour of women in any NFHS or Census.
Arunachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Haryana, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, NCT of Delhi, Odisha, Puducherry, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Uttarakhand were among the states and union territories surveyed in this phase, according to a Health Ministry statement.
India is still on track to be the world's most populous country, with the United Nations Population Division projecting that the country's population will peak between 1.6 and 1.8 billion people between 2040 and 2050.
According to a government report released last year, India will overtake China as the world's most populous country around 2031, nearly a decade later than the United Nations' estimates of 2022.
In December 2020, the results of phase one of the NFHS-5 for 22 states and UTs were released.
According to the findings, child nutrition indicators improved slightly across the country, with stunting falling from 38% to 36%, wasting falling from 21% to 19%, and underweight falling from 36% to 32%.