Buddha Purnima: Know the significance, importance of the auspicious day

written by Ritika Nath | May 16, 2022

Buddha Purnima 2022: Buddha Purnima, which celebrates Lord Buddha's birth, is observed every year. This year, on  May 16, the world observes Buddha Purnima.

Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later known as Gautama Buddha, was born in Nepal's Terai district of Lumbini in 623 B.C., as per Buddhist history.

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Significance of Buddha Purnima:

Gautama Buddha is believed to have been born in Lumbini which is now known as Nepal. In South and South East Asia, Buddha's birth is celebrated as a part of Vesak, which commemorates the birth and enlightenment of Buddha. The public holiday for Buddha Purnima in India was initiated by B.R. Ambedkar when he was the minister of law and justice.

As per the Hindu calendar, Buddha Purnima occurs on a full moon day in the month of Vaisakh (April/May), and this year it will be observed on Monday, May 16. The Buddhist calendar's highest auspicious day is the Vesak full moon day.

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Gautam Buddha's life story

Siddhartha Gautam was called Siddhartha by his parents when he was born as the prince of Kapilavastu. Assumptions made prior to his birth indicated that the youngster would grow up to be either a great monarch or a great monk. Buddha's relatives kept him confined to the palace doors for fear of losing the crowned prince of Kapilavastu. He was able to explore life outside the castle after he turned 29.

Gautama Buddha first saw three things: an old man, a dead body, and a sick man. These three views taught him that life is full of sadness and that it is only a phase. He left the princely life after witnessing these horrifying scenes and withdrew into deep meditation inside the woods to seek truth.

He was given the name Gautam Buddha after achieving enlightenment or Nirvana.

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How People celebrate:

Buddhist followers go to temples, light candles and incense sticks, pray, and gift sweets and fruits to Lord Buddha's statue. Buddhist adherents from all over the world attend sermons on Buddha's life and teachings.

On this day, many followers release imprisoned birds as a symbol of compassion and empathy for all living beings, which is one of Lord Buddha's most fundamental teachings.

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